What is a domain name?
are the familiar, easy to remember names for computers on the Internet.
They correspond to a series of numbers called Internet Protocol numbers
(IP address) that serve as routing addresses on the Internet. Domain names
are used generally as a convenient way of locating information and
reaching others on the Internet. Here are some domain names you might be
already familiar with: Pentainfoway.com - Pentainfoway,
microsoft.com - Microsoft
ucla.edu - University of California
What is an IP address?
Every computer on the
Internet has a numeric address called IP Address that is used to identify
the location of the computer. An example of an IP address is
126.96.36.199. This kind of addressing system is cumbersome and hard to
remember for humans. Having a domain name will eliminate the need to
remember an IP address.
What is a DNS?
DNS stands for "Domain Name
Server". It translates domain names into IP addresses that computers
understand. For example, if someone wants to access Pentainfoway's website
(www.Pentainfoway.com), the DNS will translate the domain into the IP
address 188.8.131.52, which will allow the computer to locate
Pentainfoway's web server.
What is a URL?
It stands for Universal
Resource Locator. Some people refer to it as a web address. An example of
a URL is http://www.Pentainfoway.com. Please note that a URL is a unique
identifier. No two websites can have the same URL. This is the reason why
you should register your domain name before someone else does.
What are the components of a domain
Top level domains
A domain name consists of two or
more words separated by a period. The last word (the far right) is called
a "top-level domain". Here are some common top-level domains and their
.COM - Used for commercial entities. It is the most popular
top-level domain. Anyone can register a .com domain. .NET - Originally
used for networking organizations such as Internet Service Providers and
backbone providers. Today, anyone can register a .net domain. .ORG -
Designed for miscellaneous organizations, including non-profit groups.
Today, anyone can register a .org domain.
Two letter domains, such as .uk, .de and .jp, are
called country code top level domains (ccTLDs) and correspond to a
country, territory, or other geographic location. The rules and policies
for registering domain names in the ccTLDs vary significantly and some are
reserved for use by citizens of the corresponding country. You should
check with the registrar offering ccTLD registration services regarding
the specific terms and conditions for registration. Some Pentainfoway
registered partners provide registration services in the ccTLDs in
addition to registering names in .com, .net and .org; however, ICANN does
not specifically accredit registrars to provide ccTLD registration
Second level domains
To the left of the top-level domain is what is
called the "second-level domain." In Pentainfoway.com, "Pentainfoway"
represents a second-level domain within the top-level domain of .com. It
is also possible to have a domain name in the form of
something.Pentainfoway.com. In this case the "something" is called a
"host" name or a "sub-domain". It is not necessary to register a host or
sub-domain with a registrar before being able to use it.
How long can a domain name be and what are the
A domain can have a maximum of 67 characters
including the extensions (.com, .net, .org). A domain name can contain
numbers (0-9), letters (a-z) or a dashes (-). A domain can not start or
end with a dash (-). A domain cannot have characters such as (! @#$%&?
Will my name and contact information be publicly
Yes. Information about who is responsible for domain
names is publicly available to allow rapid resolution of technical
problems and to permit enforcement of consumer protection, trademark, and
other laws. This information is available to the public through
Pentainfoway's "Whois" service.
How do I register my domain
Domain names ending with .com, .net or .org can be
registered through Pentainfoway partners. An alphabetical listing of
Pentainfoway partners the Registered Partners Directory on this site.
Can I register a .web,. firm or .shop address with
The .firm,. shop, .web, .arts, .rec, .info
and .nom domains are listed under a proposed domain list by the Council of
Registrars. These domains have not yet been approved and are not yet
available to be registered. When the domains are approved,
Pentainfoway.com plans to offer these domains to our customers. Please
continue to check back with Pentainfoway.com periodically and keep up to
date with our new services.
How much does a domain registration
Each registered partner sets the price it charges for
registering domain names, and prices may vary significantly among
different registered partners. In addition, some registered partners offer
discounted or free registration services in connection with other
offerings, such as web hosting. To see which offering best meets your
needs, you should visit the web sites of several of the registered
partners listed in our Registered Partners Directory.
What if the name I want to use is already
You can choose an alternative domain name, or if you
feel that you have a right to that domain name, you could follow the
domain dispute policy and try to regain your domain name.
How long does it take to register a domain
The domain registration is completed as soon Pentainfoway
receives the completed registration form and payment has been received.
The registration process takes minutes. A confirmation email is sent to
the administrative contact with the details of the domain
NOTE: The zone files, which make the Internet
work, are updated twice daily, 7 days a week, beginning at 5:00 a.m. and
5:00 p.m. Eastern Time. Requests received and completed by these times
will be included in the next zone file update. However, your newly
created/modified record may not be visible in the WHOIS database for 24-48
hours from the time of the zone file is updated.
How long does a registration last? Can it be
Currently, the initial registration period is two
years. Existing registrations can be renewed one year at a time. Beginning
January 15, 2000, each registrar will have the flexibility to offer
initial and renewal registrations in one-year increments, with a total
registration period limit of ten years.
How do I renew my domain registration?
can renew your domain registration by logging into our End user
Administration section. This will allow you to renew your domain
registration in one-year increments for a maximum of 10 years.
How do I modify an existing domain name
You can update your administrative, billing, technical
contact's name, address, email address, phone number, and fax number by
logging in to the end user administration section at the following URL: http://Pentainfoway.com/users/modify_html.
You can also change your primary and secondary name servers using this
How do I sell/give/transfer ownership of my domain to
Please email us at support@Pentainfoway.com with
your domain name and password to request the change of Registrant.
What is a Registrant?
organization, or individual listed as the owner of the domain name is
known as the registrant.
What is a Registrar?
responsible for the actual registration of the domain name is known as the
What is Registry?
responsible for the actual administration and maintenance to a top-level
domain is known as the registry. ICANN is the new non-profit corporation
that is assuming this responsibility from the U.S. Government for
coordinating certain Internet technical functions, including the
management of Internet domain name system. More information about ICANN
can be found at http://www.icann.org.
Who is the Administrative
The Administrative Contact is the person or
organization authorized by the domain name registrant to act on behalf of
the legal entity listed as the owner of the domain name. The
Administrative Contact should be able to answer non-technical questions
about the legal entity's plans for using the domain name and the
procedures for establishing sub-domains.
Who is the Billing Contact?
Billing Contact is the person or organization who will be invoiced for
registrations and renewals of the domain name.
Who is the Technical
Generally, the Technical Contact is the person or
organization who maintains the domain name registrant's primary name
server, resolves software, and database files. The Technical Contact
person keeps the name server running and interacts with technical people
in other domains to solve problems that affect the domain name. An ISP
often performs this role. If the Technical or Billing Contact information
is missing from the Registration Agreement, it will be presumed that the
domain name registrant has authorized the Administrative Contact/Agent to
perform those roles.